ICCS 2016 was the fourth project conducted by the IEA in civic education (after ICCS 2009, CIVED 1999, and the Six Subject Survey conducted in 1971). As the second cycle within the framework of the International Civic and Citizenship Education Study, ICCS 2016 monitored trends in civic knowledge and engagement over seven years in the countries that participated in ICCS 2009.
Two regional modules for countries in Europe and Latin America collected data regarding issues of civic and citizenship education of special interest in these parts of the world.
The Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) in Melbourne served as the international study center with the Laboratorio di Pedagogia Sperimentale (LPS) at Roma Tre University as associate research center, working in close cooperation with IEA, and national centers of participating countries.
ICCS 2016 assessed students enrolled in the eighth grade, provided that the average age of students at this year level is 13.5 years or above. In countries where the average age of students in Grade 8 was less than 13.5 years, Grade 9 was defined as the target population.
In addition, ICCS draws samples of teachers in each school, with an option for teachers in subjects related to civic and citizenship education.
Belgium (Flemish), Bulgaria, Chile, Chinese Taipei, Colombia, Croatia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Estonia, Finland, Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia), Hong Kong SAR, Italy, Republic of Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Peru, Russian Federation, Slovenia, and Sweden.