September 2018: Preparing the ground: The importance of early learning activities at home for fourth grade student achievementMeinck, Sabine Stancel-Piatak, Agnes Verdisco, Aimee
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Analyses of TIMSS and PIRLS data indicate that early learning activities can help to lay the foundation for positive schooling outcomes in the future. Measures that enhance the engagement of parents in early learning activities, or facilitate easy access to adequate complementary provisions, will help to prepare the ground for better school results and may reduce the effect of social background on educational inequality.