November 2014: Participation of Arab countries in early childhood education and reading literacy skills of fourth-grade (or sixth grade) students: results from PIRLS 2011

Stancel-Piatak, Agnes Hencke, Juliane
IEA (2014)
Many countries promote reforms to improve access to and the quality of early childhood education. Data from eight Arab education systems that participated in PIRLS 2011 showed a positive relationship between participation in preprimary education, its duration, and student-reading achievement at primary school.