January 2021: Computational thinking, socioeconomic gaps, and policy implications

Karpiński, Zbigniew Di Pietro, Giorgio Biagi, Federico
IEA (2021)
IEA ICILS 2018 data is used to compare the socioeconomic gap in computer and information literacy (CIL) with the corresponding one in computational thinking (CT). The results consistently show students from less advantaged backgrounds have lower levels of skills than those from more advantaged backgrounds in both areas, but especially in CT.