PIRLS 2021

Progress in International Reading Literacy Study 2021

20 Years of Trends in Reading Achievement

IEA's PIRLS 2021 is the fifth cycle in the PIRLS assessment. PIRLS provides internationally comparative data on how well children read by assessing students’ reading achievement at the fourth grade. Trend results across assessments permit countries to monitor the effectiveness of their educational systems in a global context. 

The TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center at the Lynch School of Education, Boston College, United States, serves as the international study center for PIRLS 2021, working in close cooperation with IEA, and the national centers of participating countries.

For more information, please visit the PIRLS website.

Findings from PIRLS 2021

For all videos related to PIRLS 2021, please visit the IEA YouTube page here.

Digital Assessment

This cycle marks the transition to digital assessment. Approximately half the countries evaluated students using a state-of-the-art digital assessment with engaging and interactive reading assessment materials, including simulated online projects with multiple websites, videos, and navigational features such as links and pop-ups.

Two of the ePIRLS tasks are available as they were presented to students. View and take two of the tasks—Migration and Troy—here

PIRLS 2021 Participants

Total number of participating entities in PIRLS 2021: 66

Albania; Australia; Austria; Azerbaijan; Bahrain; Belgium, Flemish; Belgium, French; Brazil; Bulgaria; Canada; Canada (Alberta); Canada (British Columbia); Canada (Newfound and Labrador); Canada (Ontario); Canada (Quebec); Chinese Taipei; Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Egypt; England; Finland; France; Georgia; Germany; Hong Kong SAR; Hungary; Iran; Ireland; Israel; Italy; Jordan; Kazakhstan; Kosovo; Latvia; Lithuania; Macau SAR; Malta; Montenegro; Morocco; Netherlands; New Zealand; North Macedonia, Rep.of; Northern Ireland; Norway; Oman; Poland; Portugal; Qatar; Russian Federation; Russian Federation (Moscow); Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of; Serbia; Singapore; Slovak Republic; Slovenia; South Africa; Spain; Sweden; Türkiye; United Arab Emirates; United Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi); United Arab Emirates (Dubai); United States; and Uzbekistan.

Benchmarking entities are listed in brackets.

Major Publications
Mullis, Ina V.S. von Davier, Matthias Foy, Pierre Fishbein, Bethany Reynolds, Katherine A. Wry, Erin PIRLS 2021 International Results in Reading
Reynolds, Katherine A. Komakhidze, Maya Fishbein, Bethany von Davier, Matthias PIRLS Insights: Aspects of Student Well-Being and Reading Achievement in PIRLS 2021
Reynolds, Katherine A. Wry, Erin Mullis, Ina V.S. von Davier, Matthias PIRLS 2021 Encyclopedia: Education Policy and Curriculum in Reading
von Davier, Matthias Mullis, Ina V.S. Fishbein, Bethany Foy, Pierre Methods and Procedures: PIRLS 2021 Technical Report
Support from European Commission

In support of the improvement of education systems in the Western Balkan region, the European Commission's Directorate-General for Education and Culture provided support by covering the costs of Western Balkan participants interested in enrollment in PIRLS 2021. The action helps to inform education policy and thus contributes to the improvement of education in the region and its possible future inclusion in the European educational area.